History 1933-1945

According to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum the following is a brief timeline of major events for WWII.
January 30, 1933: President Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler Chancellor of Germany
March 20, 1933: SS opens the Dachau concentration camp outside of Munich
April 1, 1933: Boycott of Jewish-owned shops and businesses in German
April 7, 1933: Law for the Reestablishment of the Professional Civil Service
July 14, 1933: Law for the Prevention of Progeny with Hereditary Diseases
September 15, 1935: Nuremberg Race Laws
March 16, 1935: Germany introduces military conscription
March 7, 1936: German troops march unopposed into the Rhineland
August 1, 1936: Summer Olympics begin in Berlin
March 11-13, 1938: Germany incorporates Austria in the Anschluss (Union)
November 9/10, 1938: Kristallnacht (nationwide pogrom in Germany)
May 13, 1939: The St. Louis sails from Hamburg, Germany
September 29, 1938: Munich Agreement
August 23, 1939: Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Agreement</a
September 1, 1939: Germany
invades Poland, starting World War II in Europe
September 17, 1939: The Soviet Union occupies Poland from the east
October 8, 1939: Germans establish a
ghetto in Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland
April 9, 1940: Germany invades
Denmark and Norway
May 10, 1940: Germany attacks
western Europe (France and the Low Countries)
July 10, 1940: Battle of Britain begins
April 6, 1941: Germany invades
Yugoslavia and Greece
June 22, 1941: Germany
invades the Soviet Union
July 6, 1941:
Einsatzgruppen (mobile killing units) shoot nearly 3,000 Jews at the Seventh Fort, one of the 19th-century fortifications surrounding Kovno
August 3, 1941: Bishop Clemens August Graf von Galen of Muenster denounces the “
euthanasia” killing program in a public sermon
September 28-29, 1941: Einsatzgruppen shoot about 34,000 Jews at
Babi Yar, outside Kiev
November 7, 1941: Einsatzgruppen round up 13,000 Jews from the
Minsk ghetto and kill them in nearby Tuchinki (Tuchinka)
November 30, 1941: Einsatzgruppen shoot 10,000 Jews from the
Riga ghetto in the Rumbula Forest
December 6, 1941: Soviet winter counteroffensive
December 7, 1941:
Japan bombs Pearl Harbor and the U.S. declares war the next day
December 8, 1941: The first killing operations begin at
Chelmno in occupied Poland
December 11, 1941: Nazi Germany declares war on the United States
January 16, 1942: Germans begin the mass deportation of more than 65,000 Jews from
Lodz to the Chelmno killing center
January 20, 1942:
Wannsee Conference held near Berlin, Germany
March 27, 1942: Germans begin the deportation of more than 65,000 Jews from Drancy, outside Paris, to the east (primarily to Auschwitz)
June 28, 1942: Germany launches a new offensive towards the city of Stalingrad
July 15, 1942: Germans begin mass deportations of nearly 100,000 Jews from the occupied Netherlands to the east (primarily to Auschwitz)
July 22, 1942: Germans begin the mass deportation of over 300,000 Jews from the Warsaw ghetto to the Treblinka killing center
September 12, 1942: Germans complete the mass deportation of about 265,000 Jews from Warsaw to Treblinka
November 23, 1942: Soviet troops counterattack at Stalingrad, trapping the German Sixth Army in the city
April 19, 1943: Warsaw ghetto uprising begins
July 5, 1943: Battle of Kursk
October 1, 1943: Rescue of Jews in Denmark
November 6, 1943: Soviet troops liberate Kiev
March 19, 1944: Germans forces occupy Hungary
May 15, 1944: Germans begin the mass deportation of about 440,000 Jews from Hungary
June 6, 1944: D-Day: Allied forces invade Normandy, France
June 22, 1944: The Soviets launch an offensive in eastern Belorussia (Belarus)
July 25, 1944: Anglo-American forces break out of Normandy
August 1, 1944: Warsaw Polish uprising begins
August 15, 1944: Allied forces land in southern France
August 25, 1944: Liberation of Paris
December 16, 1944: Battle of the Bulge
January 12, 1945: Soviet winter offensive
January 18, 1945: Death march of nearly 60,000 prisoners from the Auschwitz camp system in southern Poland
January 25, 1945: Death march of nearly 50,000 prisoners from the Stutthof camp system in northern Poland
January 27, 1945: Soviet troops liberate the Auschwitz camp complex
March 7, 1945: U.S. troops cross the Rhine River at Remagen
April 16, 1945: The Soviets launch their final offensive, encircling Berlin
April 29, 1945: American forces liberate the Dachau concentration camp
April 30, 1945: Adolf Hitler commits suicide
May 7, 1945: Germany surrenders to the western Allies
May 9, 1945: Germany surrenders to the Soviets


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